Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

A New Approach to Design a Composite Material for Light Mono Leaf Spring Using FEA

Soliman E.M., Tamer E.A., Soheir N.S.


The present work is an attempt to design a mono leaf spring of light composite material. The spring has the same stiffness and load capacity as that of a selected real conventional mono steel leaf spring. A new approach of building and design leaf spring materials consisting of unidirectional E-glass/epoxy composite (UEC) with variable fiber volume fractions is presented. The reinforcing fibers in the polymeric spring matrix have been distributed according to the distribution of stress induced in the leaf spring. Subsequently, an analysis with finite element analysis of the designed leaf springs under bending has been done using ANSYS 14. The proposed models of composite mono leaf spring have shown to be safe with the same stiffness and load capacity of steel conventional one with a reduction in weight 57 % to 61.5 % over the conventional steel leaf spring.


mono leaf spring, composite material, stiffness, load capacity

References References

Breadmore P., Johnson C. F. The potential for composites in structural automotive applications // Composites science and Technology. - 1986. - No. 26(4). - P. 251-281.

Nisar S. Shaikh, S.M. Rajmane. Modeling and Analysis of Suspension System of TATA SUMO by using Composite Material under the Static Load Condition by using FEA // International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT). - 2014. - No. 12. - P. 64-73.

Kumar M. S., Vijayarangan S. Analytical and Experimental Studies on Fatigue Life Prediction of Steel and Composite Multi-leaf Spring for Light Passenger Vehicles Using Life Data Analysis // Materials Science. - 2007. - No. 13. - P. 141-146.

Ghodake A. P., Patil K. N. Analysis of steel and composite leaf spring for vehicle // IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. - 2013. - No. 5. - P. 68-76.

Shokrieh M. M., Rezaei D. Analysis and optimization of a composite leaf spring // Composite Structures. - 200. - No. 60. - P. 317-325.

Satpute A. A., Chavan S. S. Mono Composite Leaf Spring - Design and Testing // Indian journal of applied research. 2013. - No. 3. - P. 282-284.

Light composite elliptic springs for vehicle suspension / E. Mahdi, O. M. S. Alkoles, A. M. S. Hamouda, B. B. Sahari, R. Yonus, G. Goudah // Composite Structures. - 2006. - No. 7. - P. 24-28.

Kumar B. R., Prakash R. V., Ramesh N. Static analysis of mono leaf spring with different composite materials // Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research. - 2013. - No. 5. - P. 32-37.

Dubey D., Mahakalkar S. Stress analysis of a mono-parabolic leaf spring-areview // Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research. - 2013. - No. 3. - P. 769-772.

Nakasone Y., Yoshimoto S., Stolarski T. A. Engineering analysis using ANSYS software. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann : Oxford, 2006. - 480 p.

Standard Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins. - Active Standard ASTM D2584 ASTM International. - West Conshohocken : PA, 2011. - 3 p.

Pinfold M. K. Composite mechanical properties for use in structural analysis. - PhD thesis, University of Warwick : UK, 1995. - 275 p.

Beleandez T., Neipp C., Ndez A. B. Numerical and Experimental Analysis of a Cantilever Beam: a Laboratory Project to Introduce Geometric Nonlinearity in Mechanics of Materials // International journal of engineering education. - 2003. - No. 19. - P. 885-892.

Liu J. Y., Rammer D. R. Analysis of wood cantilever loaded at free end // Wood and Fiber Science. - 2003. - No. 35. - P. 334-340.

Modeling and analysis of laminated composite leaf spring under thestatic load condition by using FEA / M. Raghavedra, S. A. Hussain, V. Pandurangadu, K. Palanikumar // International Journal of Modern Engineering Research. - 2012. - No. 2. - P. 1875-1879.

Krishan K. Computer aided FEA comparison of mono steel and mono GRP leaf spring // International Journal of Modern Engineering Research. - 2012. - No. 1. - P. 155-158.

Smith W. F. Principles of materials science and engineering, 3 Sub edition (August 1995), Mcgraw-Hill College. - 892 p.

Lo K. H., Chim E. S.-M. Compressive strength of unidirectional composites // Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. - 1992. - No. 11. - P. 838-896.

Naga S. A. R., Elsayed T. A., Soliman E. S. M. M. An approach to Design a Composite Mono Leaf Spring Using FEA // Vestnik ISTU. - 2014. - No. 62. - P. 28-32.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Copyright (c) 2016 Bulletin of Kalashnikov ISTU

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 1813-7903 (Print)
ISSN 2413-1172 (Online)